It is the chronic use of a drug for a reason other than for which it. Kenya struggles with rising alcoholism inter press service. This notwithstanding, alcohol, cannabis and khat still remain the most common substances of abuse. Drug and substance abuse is recognized globally as the greatest impediment to sanity of our social fabric, the greatest health risk and also it is touted to be one of the biggest derailments to our economic growth. This rapid assessment of drug and substance abuse sought to understand the nature, extent, and patterns of drug abuse in kenya and its subsequent effect on the individual, family, and community at large. Drug abuse and drug dependence treatment situation.
Many youngsters are pulled into drugs by those they associate with. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Students are likely to initiate prescription drugs and inhalants at the age of years, says the national survey on alcohol and drug abuse among secondary school students in kenya. Effectiveness refers to the presence, usefulness and capacity of drug and substance abuse. Current statistics indicate that more than half of drug users are aged 1019 years. Substance drug abuse is increasing in kenya and especially among the youth. Definition of drug abuse and related concepts drug abuse. According to a report released by the office for national statistics in the united.
The majority of the respondents declared that they consumed drugs and alcohol to forget their problems. Home nacada national authority for the campaign against. Each specific substance other than caffeine, which cannot be diagnosed as a substance use. Increasing popularity of emerging drugs or the legal high is of major concern to the government.
Kenya, technical institutions, drug abuse, substance abuse, students, academic performance, academic participation. Muratina is an alcoholic drink made from sugarcane and muratina fruit in kenya. The medias role in encouraging drug abuse is exaggerated by jacob sullum 42 although the media may glamorize or sensationalize drug abuse, people who use drugs make a conscious decision to do so. Drug abuse among students in public secondary schools in kenya, the case of vihiga county by chebukaka, r. Despite the high prevalence of polydrug abuse particularly among youth in kenya, no literature exists on the number of treatment and rehabilitation facilities, their modes of treatment and aftercare, relapse rates, ownership, and distribution nationally. The national protocol for treatment of substance use. Conversely, substance abuse treatment programmes can have a dramatic effect on reducing the risk of hiv transmission because it helps injection drug users idus decrease the number of injections or helps them stop injecting altogether. Factors contributing to drug abuse among the youth in kenya. Nairobi, kenya drug abuse and drug dependence treatment situation according to unodc data for the year 2009. The network, currently comprising over 50 organisations in four sentinel sites, was established by the mrc in collaboration with the university of durbanwestville in 1996 with the technical assistance of the world health organization s programme on substance abuse whopsa and the. Kenya is a country that is known for the significant lack of food. Knowledge, attitudes, and substance use practices among. Substance misuse is defined by the royal college of psychiatrists as any taking of a drug which harms or threatens to harm the physical or mental health or social wellbeing of an individual or other individuals or society at large, or which is illegal.
Global perspective drug abuse is a global problem that poses a great danger to the lives of individuals, society and political stability and security in many countries united nations, 1998. Studies in kenya indicate that drugs and substance abuse among. Knowledge and awareness on effects of drug abuse among the youth. Alcohol and drug abuse ada issues should be incorporated in the education curriculum at all levels. The study showed that drugsubstance abuse is a threat to the general public as well as to the youth still in school and those specifically out of school. Brief 55 youth at riskalcohal and drug abuse in kenya. Peer influence is one of the causes of drug abuse among the youth in kenya.
A summary of recent findings regarding substance abuse in. It is important to examine and consider the different theories about possible causes of the problems. A case of bamburi location article pdf available april 2012 with 33,241 reads how we measure reads. To establish the types of drugs and substances abused by students in muranga south district. This notwithstanding, alcohol, cannabis and khat still remain the most common substances of abuse in. Abstract drug abuse is one of the major challenges facing the world today. Drug abuse is one of the top problems confronting the nation today especially among the youth. Njenga, frank center for addiction studies in africa, kenya. Less use leads to fewer drugrelated risk behaviours, and that in turn leads to fewer exposures to hiv. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of age. Citing the media as a factor that contributes to drug abuse encourages people to. Gender differences in reasons for alcohol and drug abuse.
Need for substance abuse treatment is defined as being in a state of substance abuse or dependence, and requiring help to stop or reduce substance use, to prevent relapse, or to recover from the effects of abuse. The fruit is cut in half, sun dried and boiled in water. In kenya, the prevalence of opium use among the age group between 15 and 64 is 0. To establish whether the perception of students on drugs and substance abuse. Alcohol and drug abuse ada among young people in kenya is becoming a major social and public health problem due to its far reaching impacts on the. Short title this act may be cited as the narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances control act. Drug abuse among the youth in kenya international journal of. A countrywide needs assessment study undertaken in 1994 by the government of kenya and the united nations international drug control programme undcp revealed that drug abuse has permeated all strata of kenyan society, youth and young adults being the. This website is a free online resource for information on substance abuse prevention interventions and programs that can be adopted in kenya. Substance abuse prevention is a proactive process that empowers individuals and systems to meet the challenges of life events and transitions by creating. Abstract drug and substance abuse in the world in this 21st century is a worse disaster than hivaids, cancer and famine combined kaguthi, 2004 cited by murimi, 2012. Over the past two decades, the abuse of drugs in kenya has rapidly increased and risen to unprecedented level and.
Abstract and full paper for kenya association of professional. To evaluate the trends and patterns of emerging drugs use. Current statistics indicate that more than half of drug users are aged 1019. The kenya national association of probation officers knapo reports that children start using drugs due to peer pressure and curiosity. It is the chronic use of a drug for a reason other than for which it was intended.
This paper examines alcohol, substance and drug use among adolescents in the informal settlements of nairobi, kenya. The fruit is added to a small amount of sugarcane juice and incubated in a warm place. O box 30197 00100, nairobi, kenya abstract this study investigated factors that have led to alcohol abuse among the household heads and its contemporary socioeconomic effects on family life in kenya. Dutch drug policy in order to deal with the problem in kenya. The main objective of the study was to find out the socioeconomic impact of alcohol abuse among the nandi community. It is evident that drug and substance abuse is still a problem in our secondary schools despite various measures taken to stop it. The effect of drug abuse on society was probably best summed up in the political declaration on global drug control adopted at the twentieth special session of the united nations general assembly on the world drug problem general assembly, 2003a. Gender differences in reasons for alcohol and drug abuse among youth in kenya. Alcohol, substance and drug use among urban slum adolescents. It is therefore evident that drugsubstance abuse among the youth must be fought in all ways so as to bring down drugsubstance related problems at all levels in the society. Ndege, peter, national campaign against drug abuse authority, kenya background.
Find the best colleges and universities in kenya offering certificate in drug and substance abuse counseling. Calamities associated with excessive intoxication dementia, seizures, liver disease and early death have done little to deter users. In todays society more and more adolescents are experimenting with using drugs. A study of the causes and effects of drug and substance. In view of this, the field survey method was adopted to. Drug and substance abuse among the youth in and out of. Department of psychology, guidance and educational foundations egerton university, p. To determine the effect of drugs and substance abuse on the behaviour of students. Why drug abuse is on the rise among teens tuesday november 10 2015 a survey in 17 counties by nacada showed a high use of drugs and alcohol by school going teenagers with alcohol the most abused. May 17, 2006 the history of psychoactive substance use in africa is relatively short except for the reports on the use of traditional substances such as alcohol, cannabis and khat. Ndege, peter, national campaign against drug abuse authority, kenya. Pdf patterns of drug abuse in public secondary schools in kenya. Why drug abuse is on the rise among teens daily nation.
Drug and substance abuse has continued to ruin our youth and subsequently education despite various. The operational definition of treatment need is a diagnosis of a substance use disorder, either abuse or dependence. In 2011, 146 children and youth ages 1019 years, classified as either children on the street or children of the street were recruited to participate in a crosssectional survey in. This survey is a followup to the rapid situation assessment carried out in the year 2007. Nairobi, mar 27 2015 ips despite legislative attempts to curb drinking, kenya is still facing its greatest threat from alcohol abuse.
The alcohol abuse apparently increases the risks of hiv infection, as 80% of the respondents reported that they had no consensual and unprotected sexual activity. Programs for prevention alcohol and illicit drug abuse causes serious problems affecting the psychological and physical health of millions. Box 16546 00100 nairobi, kenya angachi milka obwenyi, department of clinical medicine and optometry, school of science and technology, university of kabianga, kenya muthoni mathai. The aim of the survey was to determine the current trends in alcohol and drug abuse to inform evidencebased interventions. Ten dead over drugs and substance abuse nathan ochunge 30th apr 2018 00. Agumba hnd h601156804 a thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of master of science degree in hospitality management in the. Effects of drug and substance abuse on academic performance. Substance use disorder in dsm5 combines the dsmiv categories of substance abuse and substance dependence into a single disorder measured on a continuum from mild to severe.
Drug and substance abuse among the youth in and out of school. A survey of drug abuse treatment and rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of age, gender and peer influence on drug abuse and to establish the reasons why students abuse drugs. It is learned from those already involved in the practise. In the year 2008, many schools in kenya were involved in strikes whereby they damaged school property as well as killing their colleagues. Increasing popularity of emerging drugs or the legal high is of. The study describes the knowledge of and attitudes toward substance use among streetinvolved youth in kenya, and how they relate to their substance use practices. The history of psychoactive substance use in africa is relatively short except for the reports on the use of traditional substances such as alcohol, cannabis and khat. Find all course details such as study duration, major subject, course category among others. Incidents of drug and alcohol abuse and related antisocial behaviour have increased in recent years. Drug abuse among students in public secondary schools in. Drug and substance abuse lead to many problems in schools especially strikes which.
It is therefore evident that drugsubstance abuse among the youth must be fought in all ways so as to bring down drugsubstance related problems at. Prevalence, drugs used, sources, and awareness of curative. Incidences of drug and alcohol abuse and related antisocial behaviour have tremendously increased in recent years. The introduction of prescription drugs to africa drastically increased the availability and use of psychoactive substances. Pdf factors contributing to drug abuse among the youth in.
The united nations office on drugs and crime unodc 2012. The ultimate aim was to propose a programme for prevention and intervention. This study sought to establish the current trend of drug abuse among students in kenyan secondary schools, and to analyze the strategies used to address the problem. Drug and substance abuse refers to inappropriate use of intoxicating drugs to an extent that personal, academic, social and spiritual functioning is disrupted. National campaign against drug abuse authority, kenya. Most studies done in the country indicate that the commonly used drugs are nicotine, alcohol and cannabis. This has resultantly become a matter of concern to the.
Drug abuse is one of the biggest problems confronting kenya, especially among the youth. Substance abuse may continue for a long period of time or progress to substance dependence, a more severe disorder associated with physiological signs of dependence tolerance or withdrawal syndrome or compulsive use of a substance. Due to the strategic location of kenya in the east african region and nairobi being an economic hub in the region, there has. The drugs reported to have been used are cigarettes, tobacco, kuber, shisha, packaged alcohol, changaa, hashish, bhang, cocaine, heroin, khat, inhalants, prescription drugs sedatives or sleeping pills, morphine, codeine, pethidine, and synthetic drugs amphetamine, hallucinogens. The drug menace at the kenyan coast drug abuse is one of the biggest problems confronting kenya, especially among the youth. Drugs, crime and the law in kenya, there are children who consume and traffic drugs, are victims of drugabusing families and live in druginfested communities. Recreational drug use in kenya is common among men, women, and youth from both rural and urban environments. Patterns of drug abuse in public secondary schools in kenya article pdf available in substance abuse 301.256 513 1420 263 634 301 1431 506 1250 736 1444 245 506 677 300 1075 106 718 1268 25 1226 592 1088 546 643 507 1245 67 160 998 215 1467 922 335